MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER

MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER

MDD, also referred to as clinical depression, is a significant medical condition that can affect many areas of your life. It impacts mood and behavior as well as various physical functions, such as appetite and sleep.

MDD is one of the most common mental disorders in the United States. In 2015, nearly 7 percent of Americans over age 18 had an episode of MDD.

Symptoms

  • Feeling sad or irritable
  • Less interested in activities you once enjoyed.
  • Lose or gain weight or a change in appetite.
  • Sleeping more than usual.
  • Feeling tired and a lack of energy.

Causes

The exact cause of MDD isn’t known. However, there are several factors that can increase the risk of developing the condition. A combination of genes and stress can affect brain chemistry and reduce the ability to maintain mood stability. Changes in the balance of hormones might also contribute to the development of MDD.

MDD may also be trigged by:

  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  • Certain medical conditions, such as cancer or hypothyroidism

Treatment

  • Medication by prescribing antidepressant medications such as fluoxetine (Prozac) and citalopram (Celexa).
  • Psychotherapy
  • Changes in Lifestyle

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